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Dependence on narcotic substances

Narcotic and psychoactive substances

Psychoactive substances (cocaine, cracked, ecstasy, anfetamine, ephedrine, nicotine, caffeine) cause exaggerated mental and physical activity, inadequate self-confidence, a sense of superiority, later causing irritability, anxiety.

Psychoactive substances (poppy extract, heroin, Morphius, promedol, methadone, alcohol, sedatives and hypnotics) cause drowsiness, listiness, insignificance, suppress fear, alertness.

Hallucinations (cannabis, ecstasy, LSD, hallucinogenic mushrooms, solvents, adhesives, gasoline) cause hallucinations, feelings of time, space, and perception of reality.

Anabolic steroids give courage, aggresility.


Poisoning with substances can occur in very different ways

Signs of poisoningWhat should I do?
The patient feels tension, panicking-to calm the patient, to self-care, to be cal
m-explain that the feeling will soon impro
ve-the patient is taken to a dark r
oom-to breathe deeply and slowly
The patient is very snowy-Calm down, try to be quiet, do not s
olicit, do not prompt or translate anything-do not dri
nk coffee-if the fe
eling of the patient does not improve, carefully lay it on the
side-to call an ambulance
Loss of consciousness-Lay on the side (to avoid choking)-to call an
ambulance-to observe how the
suffi breathes, if necessary, to do artificial respiration (mouth to mouth)-keep war
m, but not hot-do not leave one,
to watch next-to figure out w
hat the drug used, found in Balances to be handed to the doctor


Causes of drug development

1. Genetic 2
0% of children whose parents depend on alcohol become alcoholics or drug addicts.

2. Psychin80% of
people become alcoholics or drug addicts due to psychological or family problems:-pes
simism and internal discomfort;-frustra
tion in human beings;-fee
ling of loneness;-dis
content and constant desire to experience as much pleasure as possible;
-conscience Recomplaints, etc.

3. Family i
nfluence-growing in a family without a father, or the father was not strict enough and deman
ding, so the family took care of the children who tends to pamper the mother; Spirit
ual and physical injuries: they were raped or treated with brutally and feral;

But often young people feel dizzy for the following reasons:

  • New medicines are more fashionable and interesting than alcohol
  • The Medicines act quickly and briefly
  • The medicines are easy to get
  • Interestingly breaking the rules and taking risks
  • In order to get rid of everyday routine, boredom
  • Dances stand out from the squad of friends
  • Wanting to feel what friends experienced
  • Just out of curiosity after hearing that drugs are a fun thing
  • The media is having a profound impact because news reports, films and music are shaped by the "drug culture"
  • Media "bombing" young people with conflicting information
    • Drugs-a breathtaking and fun thing
    • Drugs easy to get even at school
    • Drugs are not dangerous if you know what you are doing
    • Drugs pushes to crime
    • Drugs bring huge wealth
    • Drugs kill, while people kill on drugs

Such a Marga information evens curiosity and envelops the drug in a veil of mystery. Therefore, it is not surprising that the "truth about drugs" is hardly perceived by young people, teachers and parents.

How to suspect that a child is taking a snoring?

We suggest that parents take advantage of this questionnaire.

  1. Excellence in school is declining in the last years.
  2. A sudden decrease in excellence.
  3. Does not tell parents about public activities at school.
  4. Does not say to parents about the call to school.
  5. Loss of interest in sport and other extra-traditional activities.
  6. Teachers, classmates tell about miscarriagings, fights, thefts.
  7. Is detained for the steering wheel.
  8. Detained from drugs at parties, discos, etc.
  9. The storage, use, carrying or sale of the drug.
  10. Detention for various crimes, such as overheard, in cases of overexcitement.
  11. Stealing.
  12. From the house disappears money, jewels, clothes, books and so on.
  13. Often ask for money from parents and relatives.
  14. Sells plates, discs, books.
  15. It is unclear where large sums of money come from.
  16. Unexplained mood swings.
  17. Mood drop, negism, critical attitude to ordinary things and events.
  18. Isolation, does not participate in family life. Long listens to musical recordings, mystery, thoughtfulness, loneness.
  19. Endless lying. Self-growth during a call.
  20. Avoid communicating with the family.
  21. Maleness, aggression, hot fluidity, lack of enthusiasm.
  22. Increasing indifference, lack of initiative.
  23. Speech about life's futility.
  24. General psychological changes: disrupted memory, logical thinking.
  25. Frequent colds.
  26. The appetite disappears, it deteriorates.
  27. The morning toilet.
  28. The outer image of the sick: pale, swollen face, red eye apples, brown-overflowing tongue, needles in the hands, feet, crotch.
  29. Frequent bruises, wounds, which can not be explained in any way.
  30. There are tattoos, cigarette burns, scars from the wounds of the forearm.
  31. Insomnia, increased fatigue, recurring with excessive activity.
  32. To defend your rights to consume alcohol and drugs.
  33. The smell of alcohol or hashish.
  34. Severely narrowed or dilated pupils.
  35. Memory loss during playback.
  36. You will find syringes, needles, vials, clothing vessels, potassium permanganate, acetic acid, acetone, solvents.
  37. You find unclear tablets, powders, herbs, etc., although these substances a
    re hidden.
  38. Non-compliance with House rules and procedures.
  39. Do not care about home affairs.
  40. Do not care for home holidays.
  41. Increasing tension between households.
  42. Trying not to sleep at home.
  43. Mystery, closing.

Treat your questions carefully, do not materialate them (but 10 and more pos
itionanswers should cause your concern).

What can parents do?
Parents-This is a very marga group of individuals who are not observing a single line of intoxicant respect. Some think that the game with the intoxicated is natural and characteristic of the stage of puberty, while others are afraid that even the slightest contact with the intoxicated can ruin the life of their child. Whatever your opinion, there are ways to create a sincere, unmoralising atmosphere for all of these issues
  • Look at your own behaviour in relation to the intoxicants. Do you smoke or drink? Are you taking any tonic or sedative medicines to improve your shape and well-being?
  • Do not try to give your children a nicer presentation of adult intoxicants, especially drinking and smoking-teenagers easily recognize hypocrisy.
  • Refer to certain data about the intoxicated and their use, and do not return their opinions to rough stories from the media.
  • If the views of both parents or guardians are different, you need to find some common points of contact and agree on what lines you will follow with the children.
  • Let your children and their friends express their views on the intoxicated ones. A better challenge than avoiding sensitive topics.
  • Listen to what your children know and talk about the intoxicated, do not think that the information you have is always correct. Check the facts and be ready to learn.
  • If you have any concerns, choose a convenient time to talk wisely. Do not rush to irritate, get angry, have a serious hearing of suspicions or warnings.
  • Make a safe environment without intoxicants-dispose of medicines you stop taking, check the available alcohol reserves. Never offer your children a cigarette.
  • Speak with other parents on the subject you care about. Establish relationships with the parents of the children of the class, their neighbors.
  • Needless to emphasize the intoxicants, take care of all aspects of the life of your child equally, be interested in a circle of communication, a guarantee of security-where and with whom it happens or return home at the agreed time, when and where to go, write down the dates and phones.
  • Constantly be interested in the life of the child-his sciences, activities, friends, even in appearance.
  • Participate actively in school activities, help formulate and conduct a school drug prevention programme.
  • Visit the school, parent committee, police meetings, which provide information on drugs, help the school find the most competent lecturers.
  • If, according to tradition or religious beliefs, you follow a certain attitude to intoxicated or alcohol, reveal it to the school.
  • Be ready to face a wide range of other parents ' attitudes and experiences.

They may appear less informed or more indifferent than you, who have used or are currently taking drugs, are addicted to alcohol or sedatives, have experienced a tragedy associated with intoxicating drugs or are at all indifferent to the problem of the drug Society. Instead of condemding, try to learn from other experiences. Understanding the problem and orienting what your child learns from friends and random acquaintances will strengthen their positions. If you are concerned that your child may be taking drugs, and would like to know more about them and how to find them:

  • Do not panic. You can get help, support.
  • GATHER the FACTS before your child is attacked if you suspect it is taking drugs.
  • BEHAVIORAL CHANGES in a teenage-wearing thing and do not necessarily mean intoxying.
  • LISTEN TO YOUR CHILD-If you suspect it is lying, maybe he is afraid TO tell you the truth?
  • Persons. Think in advance what you will say to your child if he is using some kind of
  • IF YOUR CHILD is TRYING DRUGS, he is more likely TO be questioned than accused. IF YOU LEARN of the school or the police that your child is taking or distributing drugs, look for a legal advice. If you would like to know more about the drugs and how to find them, contact mental health specialists.
  1. Tips for parents: How to behave if teenagers consume drugs or alcohol.
    1. How much you can learn more about drugs or alcohol. Use methodic material.
    2. Your position must be robust, you set off to prevent your child from taking narcotic substances or alcohol. Constantly repeat yourself this prejudice.
    3. Support your own attitude of "no drugs, no alcohol" with clear and consistent rules of conduct, and try to implement them.
    4. Be able to distinguish between signs of drug or alcohol consumption. Do not be deceived by the child.
    5. If you suspect a child is drinking, do not act like nothing happened. Investigate the situation below.
    6. To restrain the child, first of all, keep in mind the reasons that encourage him to do so.
    7. Educating a child is only possible when he is bland, and you are calm and self-controlling.
    8. When educting your child, focus on behavior, use specific examples. Emphasize that not a child is unacceptable to you, and the use of drugs or alcohol.
    9. Be ready for resistance. Your child may get angry. Get ready to listen to these familiar phrases: "You believe you don't trust. I do not consume the drug.. I'm not a freak… You get away with me. "Your child may try to manipulate you. But remember-the barrier bet will eventually give the desired result.
    10. If both parents are equally worried about the child, it is necessary to act unanimously and consistently. Donate each other.
    11. If your child is taking drugs regularly or is drunk, start planning how to use the help of a professional.
    12. If the child is constantly taking drugs and is drunk, then make a contract for his further conduct. If a child proves that he may not take the drug or drink it, then it will be easy for him to fulfill that contract.
    13. Reject only inappropriate behaviour; Do not push the child as personalities. Show all the time that you love him.
    14. Being firm, stay open to your child sometimes he can come up with the silence of your behavior to answer. But your task is always to leave the door open for socialisation.
    15. Do not blame yourself for the fact that your child is taking drugs or drinking.
    16. Take care of yourself. Look after the community what could help you fight this problem.

However, the best tool for protecting your children from the drug is early

Parents will help children avoid the drug if:

    • Will love and be attached to the growing young man
    • Enter into firm and fair discipline
    • Give a young man an opportunity to express feelings and thoughts
    • Create favorable conditions for acquiring positive experiences at home and at school
    • will create a stable atmosphere in the family
    • It will be a tolerance for young man's mistakes
    • Will form hostic provisions to alcohol and drugs
    • To help young people to find an alternative to drugs, to promo
      te their
      • Spend more time with children
      • Will always listen, support, advise and encourage
Prepared by T. Ramanauski
enė, Centre for mental Health in Klaipėda